This type of scleroderma is most likely to be on one side of the body unilateral but may be on both sides bilateral. Yono hadi agusni dept of dermatovenereology padjadjaran university. Your doctor can often diagnose morphea by examination alone, but a biopsy may be needed to confirm. Morphea profunda involves deep subcutaneous tissue, including fascia, and there is a clinical overlap with eosinophilic fasciitis, eosinophiliamyalgia syndrome, and the spanish toxic oil syndrome 171 morphea profunda shows little response to corticosteroids and tends to. Basal cell carcinoma bcc is the most common skin cancer with several clinical and histopathological subtypes. Morpheaform bcc got its name because it looks like morphea plaques. Basal cell carcinoma also called basalioma is the most common type of skin cancer. The morpheaform sclerosing type of basal cell carcinoma. Basal cell carcinoma comprises the vast majority of skin cancers.
The incidence of bcc is strongly correlated with sun exposure as well as. Basal cell epithelioma basalioma ulcus roden rodent ulcer basal cell carcinoma. Morpheaform basal cell carcinoma bcc represents a minority of bccs and has a different clinical and histopathologic presentation. Some people have only one or a few such patches, while others have multiple ones all over the body. Pdf basal cell carcinoma of the umbilicus is very rare. Morphea is diagnosed based on findings of skin examination and skin biopsy. While it demonstrates tissue destruction like the nodular form, it frequently has illdefined borders and is usually larger than estimated on gross examination. Just diagnosed with bcc with morpheaform features, on nose. Morfeiformt basaliom sclerosing or morpheaform basal. The surgeon colorcodes the tissue and draws a map correlated to the patients surgical site. It presents as firm plaques that is yellow or white with illdefined border figure 8. Over time, the area becomes smooth, shiny, and scar like. Malpdt as adjunctive therapy for morpheaform basal cell carcinoma prior to standard surgical excision in order to reduce tumor size and volume and to. F, morpheaform bcc may be composed of deceptively bland tumor nodules and strands within sclerotic stroma.
A, morpheaform basal cell carcinoma bcc presenting as a large, infiltrated scarlike plaque with poorly defined borders and a shiny surface. Patients with morphea do not have raynaud phenomenon fingers turning red, white, and blue with cold exposure, redness and swelling of both hands red puffy hands, changes in the blood vessels along the nail edge nailfold capillary changes, or tightening of the skin of the fingers sclerodactyly. Giant morpheaform basal cell carcinoma of the umbilicus ncbi. Morphea is sometimes referred to as localized scleroderma. Basal cell carcinoma bcc is the most common malignant neoplasm of humans. Eight patients received superficial xray therapy for morpheatype basal cell carcinomas. Morphea like basal cell carcinoma cancer cancer info and tip. Morphea genetic and rare diseases information center. Basal cell carcinoma bcc also known as basalioma or basal cell cancer, is the most common skin cancer, and one of the most common cancers in the. Morphea is a rare skin condition characterized by small red or purple patches that develop firm white or ivory centers. Morpheaform basal cell carcinoma the american journal of. Scleroderma nord national organization for rare disorders. Morphea localized scleroderma symptoms and prognosis. Often the appearance of a morphea lesion is an oval patch with a faint pink or yellow appearance and a faint purplish border.
Basal cell carcinoma bcc is the most common skin cancer in. These histologic features were consistent with basal cell carcinoma. We, herewith report this case of overlap of superficial spreading bcc with morphea like. Generalized morphea is more rare and serious, and involves the skin dermis but not the internal organs. Morphoea american spelling, morphea is characterised by an area of inflammation and fibrosis thickening and hardening of the skin due to increased collagen deposition. If you have problems viewing pdf files, download the latest version of adobe reader. Histologic mimics of basal cell carcinoma archives of pathology. Basalcell cancer grows slowly and can damage the tissue around it, but it is unlikely to spread to distant areas or result in. Pdf giant morpheaform basal cell carcinoma of the umbilicus. Caccialanza m, piccinno r, cuka e, alberti violetti s, rozza m. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page.
Basal cell carcinoma bcc, previously known as basal cell. Genetic and rare diseases information center gard po box 8126, gaithersburg, md 208988126 tollfree. Pdf basal cell carcinoma bcc is one of the most common malignant skin tumors on the head in 90% of cases and is characterized by a high local infiltrating potential and destructive growth. Morpheaform basal cell carcinoma is an uncommon variant in which tumor cells induce a proliferation of fibroblasts within the dermis and an increased collagen deposition sclerosis that. It is characterized by small chalk white lesions that lack the firm center found in larger lesions of morphea. Morphea is localized scleroderma confined to the skin.
Trying to decide between rdt and mohs surgery for basal. Perry, and the mayo graduate school of medicine uni versity of minnesota, rochester. Unusual presentation of basal cell carcinoma on face. The tumor appears as a white or yellow, waxy, sclerotic plaque that rarely ulcerates.
This page was last edited on 12 september 2019, at 14. Sclerosing or morpheaform basal cell carcinoma morpheaform bcc is an insidious tumor possessing innocuous surface characteristics that can mask its potential for deep, wide extension. The pathogenesis of morphea is incompletely understood, but results in an increase of collagen production and decrease in collagen destruction. Sometimes, doctors will classify morphea further into other subtypes, according to the shape or depth of the lesions. Basal cell carcinoma basalioma skin cancer, bcc online. Morphea is a rare fibrosing disorder of the skin that may also involve the underlying muscle, connective tissue, bone and brain.
One recurrence adjacent to an irradiated field was observed. The morphea like bcc is well described by howell and caro as follows. Morphea profundus is a rare disease and it often has a progressive course with physical and psychological sequelae 2. Guttate morphea may be a variant of lichen sclerosis and the two conditions can be seen in the same patient. Malignant tumor of the skin that is believed to arise from the hair follicle david j. Tumor cells induce a proliferation of fibroblasts within the dermis and an increased collagen deposition sclerosis that clinically resembles a. Mohs surgery is performed during a single visit, in stages. Histologic mimics of bcc may include nonneoplastic processes such as follicular induction. More than two million cases of this skin cancer are diagnosed in the united states each year.
All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Morphea morfeeuh is a rare skin condition that causes painless, discolored patches on your skin. Predictors of morpheaform basal cell carcinoma jama. Basal cell carcinoma basalioma pictures cancer photos. Diagnosis and treatment of basal cell and squamous cell.
Basal cell carcinoma bcc is the most common human malignant neoplasm, accounting for 75% of all nonmelanoma skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma bcc is the most common human malignant neoplasm and is a frequently. Unusual presentation of basal cell carcinoma on face jeevankumar. The patches can be lighter or darker than the surrounding skin and thus tend to stand out. Aggressivegrowth basal cell carcinoma in young adults.
It may also present as a raised area with ulceration. Giant morpheaform basal cell carcinoma of the umbilicus. Photodynamic therapy as adjunctive therapy for morpheaform. However, despite their similar names, patients with morphea are not at increased risk of developing internal organ. Trauma and scar tissue have been implicated as possible etiological causes of bcc. Morphealike bcc is an aggressive rare variant accounting for 3. Basal cell carcinoma bcc is the most common form of cancer in. A, morpheaform basal cell carcinoma bcc presenting as a large, infiltrated scar like plaque with poorly defined borders and a shiny surface. Morphea like bcc is an aggressive rare variant accounting for 3. Basal cell carcinoma treatment the skin cancer foundation. Morphea profundus usually presents with early induration followed by atrophy of. It involves primarily the neck and upper trunk areas of the body. About 25% of morphea patients will have at least one extracutaneous nonskin manifestation, but less than 4% of morphea patients will develop more than two nonskin manifestations. Basalcell carcinoma bcc, also known as basalcell cancer, is the most common type of skin cancer.
How is morpheaform sclerosing basal cell carcinoma. It most commonly affects the trunk but also occurs on the face and extremities. The surgeon removes the visible tumor and a very small margin of tissue around and beneath the tumor site. Treatment of morpheatype basal cell carcinomas with radiation therapy. Morphea is a condition characterized by skin thickening. The morpheatype basal cell carcinoma mbcc is a rare form of basal cell carcinoma bcc with lower response to treatments than other types of bcc. It often appears as a painless raised area of skin, which may be shiny with small blood vessels running over it. This case illustrates the place of vismodegib as oral debulking agent in the treatment plan. How is morpheaform sclerosing basal cell carcinoma characterized. For language access assistance, contact the ncats public information officer. Linear scleroderma appears as a band like thickening of skin on the arms or legs. Morpheaform basal cell carcinom american academy of.
It appears as abnormal, uncontrolled growths or lesions that arise in the skins basal. This case illustrates the place of vismodegib as oral debulking agent in the. It can be hard to tell where the borders of these lesions are. Morphea morphea consists of patches of thickened skin that can vary from half an inch to six inches or more in diameter.1433 710 1466 1545 1163 1428 1571 269 1573 1035 542 37 790 158 60 1077 442 140 79 184 300 87 191 908 938 995 604 1553 751 381 626 554 379 1406 397 1538 881 915 932 228 1315 737 23 23 1122 534 913 587 960